One stop to learn everything about tabla

AN ANCIENT INSTRUMENT

Tabla

Tabla is an ancient instrument and has its roots since Vedic Period. There are different theories regarding the origins of tabla as to whether it originated in the Indian subcontinent or in the Middle East. However, based on the different evidence points, it is proved that it originated in the Indian subcontinent itself.

Tabla is an important instrument in Hindustani Classical Music. In Hindustani Classical Music, either Tabla or Dholak handles the rhythm section. So, if you are passionate about learning how the rhythm of the song is matched with Tabla and having a desire to learn with the instrument, you are at the right place.

Tabla has two drums: A Dahina/Daya (also called tabla or chattu) made of wood and a Baya (also called dagga) made of metal.  The Daya (translated to “right” in Hindi) a cylindrical hollowed out wooden structure, is the higher pitched drum which is smaller in size compared to Baya.  It is usually played with the dominant hand by the player. Daya is designed with a hoop around it having thick laces running along its side with 8 wooden cylinders (called gattas) to adjust the tone of the tabla. It is usually tuned to the key of the accompanying instrument.

Translated “left” in Hindi, the Baya is having a round kettledrum shape. Baya is the bigger, lower pitched drum which is usually played with the recessive hand by the player. It too has a hoop around it with laces and 8 gattas to adjust the tone. It is usually tuned to Sa and around 5 octaves below the tabla.

Taal is a basic root composition played on Tabla. A Taal is essentially a musical meter, which serves to bind all the music in a particular number of matras(beats). The played compositions have to abide to the taal structure. Taal not only defines the total number of matras, but also dictates the pattern of the compositions. Each taal has a certain point where it starts (sum) taali, khali and vibhaags (measures). 

The composition can be divided into two main categories : 

  • Smaller compositions like tukras, parans, uthaans etc. 
  • Longer compositions like Peshkaras, Kaidas, and Relas etc. 

Note – Most compositions would follow in multiple avartans (cycles).

Like every course either academic or music, it has two phases – Primary phase and Specialization phase. The course will focus on learning the primary education of tabla like training your hands on instrument playing different taals. After learning the basic education of Tabla, the Course has two main specialization part : 

  • Tabla Solo – Tabla Solo is an art of playing Tabla as a stand alone performer. It solely focuses on playing Tabla as an instrument and demonstrates the different taals on the instruments.
  • Tabla Accompaniment – Tabla Accompaniment is an art of playing Tabla with harmony of other musical instruments like Sitar, Veena, Taanpura and specially with different Ragas, Classical music and songs. This is a demanded art in today’s world. Learning an instrument is not sufficient until you learn to play it with other music instruments and singing performances. The art of Tabla accompaniment is like an enhancer to improve the beauty of the music.

The Tabla musical instruments learning classes is a certificate level course program. Simply, you can enroll for the class by filling the enrollment form. Also, you can book the Tabla Online Classes by contacting Mr. Harvardhan Joshi Ji. The Tabla Hindustani classical music instrument learning fee can be paid through NEFT, RuPay, Bank Cheque, Demand draft, cash deposit at office / Bank at the given bank account number.